Types Of Adoptions

Not sure what type of adoption is right for you?  Learn more about the various types of adoptions and discover which one might be the best fit for your family.

Domestic Adoption

Domestic adoption (sometimes referred to as private adoption or independent adoption) refers to the adoption of a child born in the United States by parents who are U.S. citizens.

Domestic infant adoption is the adoption of a child at birth or within the first few months of life.  In a typical domestic infant adoption, birth parents select adoptive parents to adopt their child prior to giving birth or shortly after birth.

Much like domestic infant adoption, older children can be placed for adoption privately.  When an older child is placed for adoption privately, the birth parents can choose the adoptive parents.

Following the placement, the birth parents can either maintain some level of contact with the child or the adoption can be completely closed.  The birth parents and adoptive parents will come to an agreement on this decision.

Our office provides comprehensive legal services throughout the entire domestic adoption process.  We walk with birth parents and adoptive parents every step of the way, from the initial consultation to the adoption finalization.

Stepparent Adoption

Stepparent adoption is the most common form of adoption.  This type of adoption takes place when a stepparent adopts his or her stepchild (i.e., the biological child of the stepparent’s spouse).  After a stepparent adoption is completed, the stepparent is considered the legal parent of the child for all purposes.  In the right situation, stepparent adoption can give a child a sense of permanency and security.  If you would like more information on stepparent adoption, feel free to contact our office.  We can discuss your particular case with you and give you an estimate of the costs of completing your adoption.  

Relative Adoption

In certain situations, it may be in the best interest of a child to be adopted by a relative.  If that relative is either a grandparent or stepparent, he or she may be able to adopt the child through a process that is somewhat simpler than non-relative adoptions.  Specifically, a grandparent or stepparent may at times be able to adopt the child without undergoing a home study.  While the adoption process may be slightly more straightforward for stepparents and grandparents, other relatives, like aunts and uncles, may petition to adopt a child as well.  Adoption permanently changes the relationship between a child and the adopting relative, creating a parent-child relationship between the two.  After a relative adopts a child, he or she is considered the child’s legal parent and assumes all parental responsibilities for the child.

Embryo Adoption

Embryo adoption (sometimes called embryo donation) is one of the newest types of adoptions.  Many people are finding that it is a great way to build their family!  Embryo adoption is the transfer of the legal rights to frozen embryos.  This transfer allows the recipient parents to carry the pregnancy and give birth to their adopted child(ren).  Embryos are made available for adoption by donor couples who have used in vitro fertilization and have embryos remaining.  Embryos are considered property, and as such are governed by property law.  To complete an embryo adoption, legal contracts are signed between the donor and recipient families.  These contracts govern two main issues: 1) the transfer of legal ownership of the embryos from the donors to the recipients and 2) the termination of all parental rights and responsibilities of the donor family.  We would be happy to meet with you to discuss your options related to embryo adoption or to draft an embryo adoption contract unique to your situation.

Foster Care Adoption

Families who are adopting a foster child use an attorney to facilitate the adoption finalization process.  This process can be initiated once the state of Idaho has placed a legally free child in the family’s home for the purposes of adoption and once parental rights have been terminated.  If you are looking for an attorney to assist in the adoption finalization process for such a child, please contact us.  We would be happy to assist you!

International Adoption

Most adoptive parents use the services of an adoption agency to adopt a child internationally.  However, once you bring your child home to the U.S., you will need to “re-adopt” him or her in the state of Idaho.  We can assist you with the re-adoption process, obtaining a U.S. birth certificate for your child, and any other finalization details you need assistance with.